Although these folders and files are mostly accessed by technical users like website developers, it’s good to know what these folders and files are used for, especially if you plan to build or manage your own WordPress site.
(WordPress installation files)
You can view these folders and files using an FTP application or cPanel’s File Manager. For help with this, see the tutorial below:
WordPress Installation Files: A Glossary For Non-Techies
Your WordPress site is made up of your WordPress installation files and your WordPress database. These are responsible for creating, storing, and managing all of your site’s information, web pages, etc.
Below is a glossary of WordPress installation files for non-techies. The glossary includes non-technical explanations and descriptions with links to related tutorials.
If you need more technical information about the folders or files below, please refer to the official WordPress documentation here:
This file contains useful pre-installation information about WordPress …
(WordPress ReadMe file)
This file confirms that the activation key sent in an email after a user signs up for a new site matches the key for that user and then displays confirmation.
This file decides what to display based on the parameters that are passed to the blog from any page that wants to display WordPress content and loads the WordPress environment and template.
This file receives posted comments and adds them to the WordPress database. It also prevents duplicate comment posting.
This is a sample of the wp-config.php file used to connect WordPress to your MySQL database. You can use this sample file to manually create the wp-config.php file (see below).
The wp-config.php file is one of your most important WordPress installation files. The wp-config.php file is located in the root of your WordPress file directory and contains your website’s base configuration details, such as your database connection information (e.g. Database Name, Database Username, Database Password, Database Host, etc.)
Here is some useful information about wp-config.php file:
The wp-config.php file isn’t included in the WordPress download files. It is created during the WordPress setup process based either on the information you provide during the manual installation process, or automatically, if you use a WordPress installation script (e.g. Softaculous, Fantastico, etc.)
A wp-config.php file can be created manually by editing the sample file (“wp-config-sample.php”), resaving it as wp-config.php and uploading this file to the root install directory.
The content of the wp-config.php file follow a specific order. Rearranging the order of this content may create errors on your website.
Editing WordPress files like wp-config.php should always be done using a plain text editor. Never use a word processor like Microsoft Word or Google Docs to edit WordPress files.
Many important modifications to WordPress can be done manually by adding lines of code to the wp-config.php file. Some of the features and functionality affected by the wp-config.php file, for example, include:
Debugging WordPress (troubleshooting errors and making repairs)
Allowing WordPress users to optimize and repair the WordPress database
And so much more …
A CRON job is essentially an automated scheduled task. It’s like someone programming a robot to do XYZ at a specific time. If someone asks the robot “is it time to do XYZ yet?” the robot can then either say “no, it’s not time yet” or “yes, it’s time” and then automatically perform the task.
By default, WordPress calls up wp-cron.php whenever someone visits your WordPress site and a scheduled task is present. Also, web hosts normally offer CRON. The wp-cron.php file provides a CRON function for hosts that do not offer CRON or where a CRON job has not been set up by software installed on your site.
The wp-cron.php file is used to perform virtual cron jobs (i.e. scheduled tasks) to automate things like publish scheduled posts, check for plugin or theme updates, send email notifications, etc.
This file converts links added to your site via the WordPress admin menu into a format called OPML (Outline Processor Markup Language).
OPML allows outlines and lists to be exchanged between different platforms, such as exchanging lists of RSS feeds between different feed aggregators.
Essentially, this file allows links to be exported from one WordPress site to another.
In computing terms, bootstrapping is a technique for loading a program by means of a few initial instructions which then enable the rest of the program to be loaded from somewhere else.
The wp-load.php file is a bootstrap file that loads the wp-config.php file. The wp-config.php file then loads the wp-settings.php file, which then sets up the WordPress environment.
WordPress uses this file to obtain blog posts submitted via email. The URL of this file is usually added to a CRON job so that it is regularly retrieved, enabling new email posts to be accepted.
This file performs various pre-execution routines and procedures, including checking for correct installation, including auxiliary functions, applying user plugins, initializing execution timers, etc.
WordPress uses this file to set up the area where users can sign up to your website or blog.
This file handles incoming trackback requests to WordPress.
This file provides XML-RPC protocol support for WordPress. This allows you to do things like post content to your site using programs and applications other than the built-in web-based administrative interface and for WordPress developers to extend WordPress functionality using plugins.
The additional files below aren’t part of the default WordPress installation but may be found in your server’s WordPress directory:
A php.ini file is the default file for configuring and running applications that require PHP. The server looks for this file when PHP starts up for instructions on how to control variables such as upload sizes, file timeouts, and resource limits.
Server & Webhosting
Below are some useful terms to know when installing WordPress on your server:
DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Email) lets a domain associate its name with an email message by affixing a digital signature to it.
Verification is carried out using the signer’s public key published in the DNS. A valid signature guarantees that some parts of the email (possibly including attachments) have not been modified since the signature was affixed.
Usually, DKIM signatures are not visible to end-users, and are affixed or verified by the infrastructure rather than message’s authors and recipients.
SPF (Sender Policy Framework) is an email validation protocol designed to detect and block email spoofing by providing a mechanism to allow receiving mail exchangers to verify that incoming mail from a domain comes from an IP Address authorized by that domain’s administrators.
The list of authorized sending hosts and IP addresses for a domain is published in the Domain Name System (DNS) records for that domain in the form of a specially formatted TXT record. Email spam and phishing often use forged “from” addresses and domains, so publishing and checking SPF records is considered to be one of the most reliable and simple to use anti-spam techniques.
Learn about the benefits and advantages of choosing a managed WordPress hosting service to host and manage your WordPress site …
Our Introduction To WordPresstutorial series provides in-depth information about the benefits and advantages of choosing WordPress as the platform of choice for setting up a website or blog for business or personal use.
In this tutorial, we’ll explore the benefits and advantages of choosing a managed WordPress hosting service to host and run your WordPress site and then focus on the leading managed WordPress hosting service provider to illustrate the difference between using managed WP hosting and other hosting services.
Benefits Of Managed WordPress Hosting For WordPress Website Owners
Typically, when businesses choose the services of a website developer or web development agency to build their website, the website developer will look after areas like choosing the type of hosting and hosting provider to host their client’s site, so many website developers don’t see the point in educating their clients about different types of hosting services.
Since the focus of WPCompendium.org is to educate non-technical users and DIY WordPress beginners how to set up, manage and grow their own web presence, it’s important to understand the different options available for hosting your WordPress site.
What Is Managed WordPress Hosting?
Managed WordPress hosting is a specialized service where the hosting company manages all of the technical aspects of running your WordPress website, including management and maintenance tasks such as performing WordPress updates and daily backups, as well as taking care of important technical areas like site migration, security, speed, scalability, and uptime.
Managed WordPress hosting services developed as a result of the growth and popularity of WordPress. Since WordPress is the world’s leading CMS platform, a number of web hosting providers have decided to specialize and focus on servicing the WordPress industry.
While managed WordPress hosting providers take care of all technical areas of managing WordPress in order to free up website owners to focus more on their business, it’s important to distinguish between ‘true’ managed WordPress hosting service providers and ‘feature-rich’ hosting companies that often mimic the service but don’t offer the same level of specialization and expertise.
What Are Some Of The Main Features Of Managed WordPress Hosting?
Managed WordPress hosting companies focus on features that are designed specifically for a WordPress environment. This includes:
Automatic Updates – Because WordPress continually updates its software and plugins, in a managed hosting environment WordPress core and plugins should automatically update to their latest versions.
Daily Backups – Your hosting environment should provide daily website backups, one-click restores and restore points.
WordPress Specific Server Configuration – Your hosting environment should be configured for optimal efficiency, speed, scalability, and security of your WordPress site.
Caching & CDNs – Unlike shared hosting environments, with a managed hosting service third-party caching plugins are not required. In addition to caching, most managed WordPress hosting environments include the option to use a content delivery network (CDN) to improve website speed and reduce website loading times wherever visitors are located.
Staging – A staging environment allows web developers and web designers to implement and roll out changes to your website with just a few clicks. This includes testing or changing elements of a website’s design, database modifications, or new plugins in a safe environment before making the site with new changes live.
Site Migrations – Managed hosting companies make the process of moving websites from one host to another easy, simple, and quick.
WordPress Security – In addition to providing improved security features like custom firewalls, continuous malware scanning, strong password enforcement, IP blocking, etc., your managed WordPress hosting service provider should have total expertise in all areas and aspects of WordPress security.
WordPress Support – With managed WordPress hosting, your website should be looked after by WordPress experts with deep knowledge and experience of the platform and this expertise should reflect across all areas of WordPress hosting, from migration, to security, optimization, scalability, support, and more.
Do You Need Managed WordPress Hosting For Your WordPress Site?
The decision to use managed WordPress hosting or another reliable hosting service is entirely up to you. The main factors to consider when deciding whether or not to choose a managed WordPress hosting service come down to these:
Understanding the pros and cons of managed WordPress hosting
Understanding the costs of managed WordPress hosting
Let’s take a brief look at these factors:
Managed WordPress Hosting – Pros Vs Cons
Some of the advantages of managed WordPress hosting include:
WordPress Management – Having experienced and knowledgeable WordPress experts looking after your site is definitely an advantage, especially when it comes to performing management and maintenance tasks like migrating, updating, and backing up WordPress sites.
WordPress Security – WordPress has its own security requirements. Once again, this is where having the benefit of WordPress experts looking after your site becomes an advantage.
WordPress Optimization – Like security, WordPress has unique optimization features and requirements. Knowing how to optimize WordPress sites can lead to significant improvements in speed and performance, which can affect user experience and the revenue you generate from your site.
WordPress Scalability – As your site grows in traffic and functionality, it’s important to host with a company that understands scalability issues and how these affect your site’s speed, performance, and responsiveness.
WordPress Support – WordPress is a unique platform. Having the expertise to identify what’s going on when problems or errors occur and the knowledge to troubleshoot and fix things is essential.
WordPress Development Tools – For website developers, web designers and anyone who builds WordPress sites, having access to development tools such as staging area, version control, etc. is important.
Depending on how you choose to look at it, these are the disadvantages of managed WordPress hosting:
Cost – Compared to shared hosting, managed WordPress hosting is more expensive. Where a shared hosting plan can cost as little as $3 or $4 per month, a basic managed WordPress hosting plan can start from around $30 per month.
Limited Control – By definition, a managed hosting environment means that you are putting others in control of making technical decisions on your behalf. With a dedicated managed WordPress hosting service, this may include limitations on settings normally available through cPanel, like editing your .htaccess file, setting up Cron jobs, denying IP addresses, etc. and not being able to install certain WordPress plugins for technical or security reasons. If you’re not a technical expert, this should not be a big deal, however, as it lets you focus on your business while leaving experts in charge of your server management.
If cost is your main priority, choose a shared or non-managed WordPress hosting provider, but keep in mind that going with the cheapest web host to run your WordPress sites can leave you vulnerable to hacking, running out of bandwidth, and possibly having your site shut off if you exceed your allotted quota.
If your business depends on your website staying up, running fast and efficiently, being able to handle large amounts of traffic, and getting any issues or problems taken care of fast, then the higher cost of managed WordPress hosting may be justified.
Another way of looking at the cost of managed WordPress hosting is that the service actually costs less than hiring a system administrator with technical expertise to look after the hosting and management of your website.
It may be worth paying a few extra dollars per month, therefore, to have someone else look after technical areas like security, upgrades, updates, maintenance, troubleshooting, and support, leaving you free to focus on important areas like content creation, online marketing, and growing your business.
Is Managed WordPress Hosting Right For Your Business?
Ultimately, whether you decide to host your website with a managed WordPress hosting provider or not is up to you and your business needs.
If you’re just starting out, don’t have much money, little traffic, and your business doesn’t depend heavily on your digital presence yet, then hosting your WordPress site on a shared, VPS (Virtual Private Server), or dedicated server with a reliable host may be a better option.
If you lack technical skills, managing the growth of your web presence with regards to areas like hosting, server, and website security, speed and performance, upgrades, updates, uptime, etc. can be quite challenging. So, if your business is at the level where factors such as server reliability, security, speed, scalability, and customer service have become important and essential to your success, then switching to a managed WordPress hosting service provider may make more sense and the value and peace of mind may justify the cost.
Choosing A Managed WordPress Hosting Company
As your small business or digital presence grows into a high-traffic website, you may need to scale things up and this is where managed WordPress hosting for your WordPress site makes sense.
Scaling things to the next level, however, presents a number of challenges. For this reason, if you are ready to switch to managed WordPress hosting, we recommend choosing the leader in the managed WordPress hosting space.
(WPEngine.com – The leader in managed WordPress hosting services)
WP Engine – Overview
WP Engine is the industry leader in managed WordPress hosting. It is a “true” managed WordPress hosting company (as opposed to ‘feature-rich’ hosts), employing more than 150 full time WordPress support experts to help customers with their WordPress issues.
Dedicated WordPress engineers keep the hosting platform fast, scalable, and secure to ensure that WordPress sites run and perform optimally.
Additionally, the WP Engine team has spent years perfecting their WordPress hosting platform and adding features built specifically for WordPress users and provide support around the clock by phone, email or live chat.
WPEngine – Useful Information
WPEngine is up to 4x faster than the competition.
5% of the online world visits at least one site hosted on WP Engine every day.
3x Stevie Award winner for best customer service & support.
Over 2 million website attacks are blocked every day.
WPEngine operates in over 150 countries and is the preferred platform for hosting WordPress sites of various governments, Fortune 50 companies, and over 30,000 customers worldwide.
(WP Engine is the preferred managed WordPress hosting choice for many leading companies)
Jason Cohen, WP Engine’s founder and CTO launched the company in 2010 to address the needs of WordPress users in four key areas that were found to be lacking in other web hosting companies:
Let’s take a look at each of these areas and how WP Engine addresses these:
When your website is mostly unknown and getting very little traffic, you may think that security is not a big issue. Why would hackers care about your site when they have bigger sites they can target?
This is a widely-held belief with many businesses, but it’s a dangerous misconception. Hackers don’t care how big or small your site is. Most hackers are interested in gaining control of vulnerable and poorly-secured sites and servers so they can use it for various nefarious activities, such as spreading malware, sending spam email, or causing damage to other sites.
Hosting your website on a shared server creates an even bigger challenge, as the security of your website could be compromised if a hacker gains access to someone else’s site on your shared hosting environment.
Despite the best efforts of website owners to keep their sites secure, many security measures can only be implemented cost-effectively by companies of a certain size and scale.
WPEngine blocks millions of nefarious attacks everyday using complex and holistic security measures. This includes getting early access to information from security companies, proactively monitoring the network for suspicious patterns and behaviors, performing internal and external scans of all servers on a daily basis, and more.
Additionally, WP Engine is only one of a few hosting companies worldwide that guarantees to clean things up for you if your site does get hacked. This promise to assume responsibility keeps the company on its toes and continually vigilant about maintaining the highest level of security at all times, including investing in new security methods.
WP Engine proactively keeps web sites secure with automatic updates for security patches and WordPress core updates, as well as performing security and malware scans to ensure that sites are free from intrusions. Additionally, WP Engine’s technical support team will notify you if your site is impacted by a security risk.
With the exponential growth of mobile devices and mobile search, having a fast site has become an important factor not just for ranking higher in search engines, but also for increasing revenue and reducing visitor bounce rates.
Speed in technology has to be ubiquitous, from fast networks and fast servers, to fast loading applications, fast processors, fast operating systems, fast security rules, and so on.
WP Engine employs over 70 engineers and uses state-of-the art technology to ensure that all sites hosted on their network enjoy the fastest loading speeds and performance possible at all times.
You can see how fast your website loads and get free suggestions for improving site speed performance by testing your website with WP Engine’s WordPress Speed Test …
Staying fast, up, and available during heavy server usage and traffic spikes (e.g. getting 10x, 20x, even 100x normal traffic) is another important area that WP Engine continuously focuses on improving. Even if your website isn’t getting a lot of traffic yet, sometimes an unpredictable event happens (e.g. your site gets picked up by the media or a post goes viral) and your site gets an unusual flood of traffic.
Traffic spikes can also occur if your site is the target of a brute force attack. Hackers may not get through your security fortress, but your traffic will definitely increase. These types of situations will test your site’s ability to handle high traffic the most. If your server can’t handle this, it could fall over and your site will end up going offline.
Speed and scalability are related. If, for example, your site can be served 4x faster, then your existing hardware can handle 4x the amount of normal traffic. WP Engine has developed a unique and proprietary scalable system that not only serves websites faster, but automatically and dynamically allocates more resources to websites when needed without having to change the configuration of the hosting server.
As the saying goes, “technology is great when it works.” Every customer wants their sites to be up and running all the time and for their plugins and sites to work without issues. When things go wrong, however, as they will from time to time, having excellent and responsive customer support is essential.
It’s no different with WordPress. Sometimes things will go wrong.
WP Engine employs expert WordPress engineers to look after the WordPress hosting needs of their customers and has a dedicated team of over 150 technical support experts who provide support around the clock by phone, email or live chat and can help customers with questions about their websites and WordPress issues.
WP Engine provides world-class support to customers with a commitment to improve their service through customer feedback and by continually investing in training their service and support team. New staff must undergo intensive training before they can join the customer support team and receive ongoing on-the-job training. WP Engine also encourages their team members to develop their expertise in specialized areas, such as SSL, WordPress Multisite, etc.
In addition to technical support, other services WP Engine provides to help make maintaining a website as easy as possible include:
Customer Education: WP Engine’s “Support Garage” provides customers with a host of resources that are available on-demand like webinars, online documentation, ‘how-to’ videos and interactive tutorials, etc.
Proactive WordPress Management: This includes managing core WordPress upgrades to make sure that websites are running with the latest version of WordPress, installing maintenance updates, and informing customers of any detected vulnerabilities with recommended courses of action
Hacker Cleanup Guarantee: Should something go wrong with your website, WP Engine guarantees to fix it.
In addition to providing customers with a fully managed service and excellent support around the clock, clients on higher-level hosting plans (e.g. Premium or Enterprise) benefit from additional services, such as access to a consultative onboarding team, a premium technical support team and a strategic account management team.
WP Engine’s service guarantee, then, can be summed up as providing the right type of help, with the right level of expertise, when customers need it the most.
WP Engine customers love their hosting service and support. Here are just some of the testimonials we have found from happy WP Engine customers:
”As a new web design company it was always going to be important to choose a reliable hosting company for my WordPress websites. Getting the infrastructure right from the start was so important and it meant that I could focus on building websites with my clients. The high level of service and incredible support with WP Engine will help me grow, making sure there are no limits on what I can do with clients. We’re never leaving WP Engine.” LAURENCE CARO, carocreative.uk
”XUVO is dedicated to providing our customers with a fast and secure web experience, WP Engine allows us to do that without fail. We’re never leaving WP Engine.” KILLIAN WELLS, XUVO
”We had an expensive server that we had to maintain because we needed plugins and scalability. WP Engine let us leave that box, keep our plugins and still scale.” INFOCHIMPS
”The team at WP Engine is exceptionally responsive. We switched from VPS.net because expert support, in WordPress, was and IS a top priority. Five stars, no doubt!” MATTY CRESCENZO, treatingpain.com
WP Engine – Choosing A Hosting Plan
WP Engine provides a number of managed WordPress hosting plans to suit your needs and budget …
Next, select options (e.g. annual or monthly hosting, extra site, speed boost) and enter your details …
(Select options and enter your details)
Enter your billing info and click the ‘Create my site’ button to set up your account …
(Enter billing info and set up your account)
Once your account has been set up, you will have instant access to the WP Engine User Portal …
(WP Engine User Portal – Dashboard)
The User Portal is a unique feature of WP Engine. Unlike other types of hosting control panels (e.g. cPanel), WP Engine’s User Portal was developed specifically for managing WordPress applications inside WP Engine’s hosting environment.
After logging into the User Portal, you will have access to all of the major features this service has to offer (note: some features like CDN [Content Delivery Network] and SSL [Secure Sockets Layer] are only available to specific hosting plans) …
(WP Engine User Portal – Installs screen)
WP Engine’s User Portal includes various sections like:
Dashboard: Get access to monthly reports, system status and useful information posted on WP Engine’s blog.
Installs: This screen lets you access vital information about your WordPress installation, such as server IP, number of visitors, bandwidth usage, storage, SFTP (Secure FTP) logins, domains, CDN, backups, redirect rules, logs, SSL, utilities, site migration tools, and more.
Page Performance: Run Page Performance tests for speed insights on your site and access helpful tips on how to optimize your site for optimal performance. You can also schedule recurring tests.
Users: This section displays all users with access to your WordPress installs, their email addresses and account access level.
My Account: See your account details, plan type, payment info, contact info, and invoices.
Help/Support: Contact support via their 24/7 live chat, create and view support tickets, access helpful articles and interactive walkthroughs, and more.
WP Engine – Additional Info
The video below contains additional info about WP Engine …
Whether you choose to host your website using a shared hosting account or to host on a dedicated server, you need some way to configure emails for your domain name, manage your server applications, and monitor your server’s resources. This is especially important if you lack the technical skills of a webmaster or IT manager.
This is where a web hosting application like cPanel can play a central role in helping you manage your website presence.
Using cPanel To Manage Your WordPress Hosting
cPanel is a powerful and simple-to-use web hosting management software application that gives website owners the ability to quickly and easily manage their servers and websites using a simple and intuitive dashboard.
Having access to a hosting environment that offers cPanel will make managing your WordPress site a whole lot easier. cPanel lets you easily take care of certain things yourself without hiring technical experts (like setting up emails for your business). If you host with a good company, you can also ask for support and assistance with most things.
cPanel typically comes with built-in get started help wizards and basic video tutorials on using cPanel that can be accessed directly from your web hosting account’s control area …
(cPanel Video Tutorials)
Providing comprehensive training on using all the features of cPanel to easily manage your WordPress site’s web hosting is beyond the scope of our tutorials. For comprehensive step-by-step training on using cPanel, we recommend downloading these how to use cPanel video tutorials.
After logging into your cPanel area, you can access help documentation by clicking on the ‘Help’ icon …
Additional cPanel Help & Support
For additional support and tutorials on using cPanel and managing your server, contact your web hosting company’s technical support department. To access the official cPanel documentation for website owners, visit the site below:
Webmail lets you check your email using a web browser (instead of a desktop mail application such as Outlook Express). This means that you can access your email online from any location using a web browser …
Note: If using webmail, make sure to log out after accessing your email on public computers to prevent other people reading your email.
SpamAssassin is an automated email filtering system that attempts to identify spam messages based on the content of the email’s headers and body …
(cPanel Mail – SpamAssassin)
Forwarders let you to send a copy of all mail from one email address to another …
(cPanel Mail Forwarding)
For example, if you have two different email accounts email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org, you can set up email forwarding so that all mail sent to email@example.com is automatically forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org, saving you the time and hassle of having to check both accounts.
Alternatively, you can use email forwarding for different departments of your company. For example, you can set up email forwarding so that all mail sent to email@example.com goes to the personal email address of a staff member or outsourced customer support person. This way, if the person leaves, you can easily change the destination forwarding email without making changes to your website.
Email Auto Responders
Autoresponders can be used to automatically send a message or reply back to anyone who emails a certain account. This feature is useful if you are on vacation or unavailable, if you have a generic message that you would like to send out to anyone who emails your support email address, or even for sending out download or access links to PDF reports, bonuses, videos, price lists, etc.
To learn how to use autoresponders for email marketing, newsletters, and list-building, see the tutorial below:
An MX (mail exchanger) entry tells a client which server receives mail sent to a domain name. You can use the MX Entry Maintenance function to change where a domain’s email is delivered to. This lets you have email from one domain delivered to another domain.
Note: Changing your MX entry changes your site’s DNS record for MX.
Backups allow you to download (to your computer) a zipped copy of either your entire site (including your home directory, databases, email forwarders configuration, and email filters configuration) or one of the previously mentioned parts of your site …
Note: These are not automatically scheduled backups. Automatically scheduled backups need to be enabled by the server owner/administrator.
To learn more about performing WordPress backups using cPanel, see the tutorial section below:
The cPanel Disk Usage Viewer provides an overview of the disk space that your account is using. You can use the viewer to view all of the files in your site and find out how much space each file takes up. It shows disk usage totals for your account’s directories and all of its databases rather than for individual files or databases.
(cPanel Files – Disk Space Usage)
Note:Use the File Manager feature to see disk usage data for individual files, and the MySQL main page to see data for individual databases.
The FTP features of cPanel allow you to manage access to your web site’s files using FTP (File Transfer Protocol) …
(cPanel FTP Management)
Note:You will need a third party FTP program to access your files.
To learn more about using FTP to transfer files to and from your computer and server, see the tutorial below:
This feature will allow you to block a range of IP addresses to prevent them from accessing your site. You can also enter a fully qualified domain name, and the IP Deny Manager will attempt to resolve it to an IP address for you …
(cPanel Security – IP Deny Manager)
Hotlink protection prevents other websites from directly linking to files on your website. Other sites will still be able to link to any file type that you don’t specify (ie. HTML files) …
(cPanel Security – HotLink Protection)
An example of hotlinking would be using a <img> tag to display an image from your site from somewhere else on the net. The end result is that the other site is stealing your bandwidth.
Note:The system attempts to add all sites it knows you own to the list; however, you may need to add others.
Leech Protect allows you to prevent your users from giving out or publicly posting their passwords to a restricted area of your site. This feature will redirect accounts which have been compromised to a URL of your choice (and suspend them, if you choose) …
(cPanel Security – Leech Protect)
To learn more about server security, see the tutorial below:
The Image Manager allows you to view and modify images in your account. You can change the size of your images, convert their file types, or just view them …
(cPanel Image Manager)
The Index Manager allows you to customize the way a directory will be viewed on the web. You can select between a default style, no indexes, or two types of indexing …
(cPanel Index Manager)
Note: If you do not want people to be able to see the files in your directory, choose “No Indexing” when using this feature.
Cron jobs allow you to automate certain commands or scripts on your site. You can set a command or script to run at a specific time every day, week, etc. For example, you could set a cron job to delete temporary files every week so that your disk space is not being used up by those files …
(cPanel Cron jobs)
Network Tools allow a user to find out information about any domain, or to trace the route from the server your site is on to the computer you are accessing cPanel from.
The Domain Lookup tool allows you to find out the IP address of any domain, as well as DNS information about that domain. This can be a very useful tool right after your site is set up or after DNS changes have been made to make sure your DNS is setup properly.
Trace Route allows you to trace the route from the computer you are accessing cPanel from to the server your site is on (i.e. the number of servers and what servers your data must pass through to get to your site) …
(cPanel Network Tools)
Hopefully, the above information has given you enough of an overview of cPanel. For detailed video tutorials on using cPanel features, go here.
(Easily manage your WordPress hosting with cPanel)